What Are the Benefits of Tear Trough Filler Rejuvenation?
The “tear trough” is the name that is given to the groove or hollow area that starts at the inner corner of your lower eyelid, and extends down and out into the cheek. The tear trough represents the area in the middle corner of your lower eyelid that sits directly over the rim of the bone of your eye socket. In all patients at any age, the skin of the lower eyelid is the thinnest skin in the body, much thinner than the cheek skin that is located just below this rim of bone. Normally, there is much less fat in the eyelid skin, and this already thin skin can become even thinner over time. This process can make the tear trough depression stand out more by creating a shadowing effect. Although it is not the only cause, this can be one of the main reasons why some people complain about the appearance of “dark circles” under the eyes.
The appearance of a tear trough is not necessarily a sign of aging. For many people, the normal anatomy and shape of the face can make this groove appear evident even in childhood. Over time, patients who have such facial shapes may be bothered by the tear trough area standing out more, while others may not notice this area troubling them for many years.
The reasons why the tear trough hollow can become more apparent over time include:
- Normal loss of thickness of the eyelid skin with age
- Normal loss of volume and support for the cheek, causing the cheek to sag and the underlying rim of bone to become more visible
- The lower eyelid fat bags have become larger over time, making the hollow of the tear trough appear to stand out more (think about how much deeper a valley would look if you were standing on a mountain next to it)
For some people who have deeper-set eyes, loss of volume in the lower eyelid skin over time can cause additional shadowing over the lower rim of bone of the eye socket. Along with the tear trough area, this shadowing can also extend over the full length of the bone in the lower eyelid and into the outer corner of the eye socket as well. In these cases, the lower eyelid skin may start to appear to have more wrinkles. Additionally, loss of volume in the lower eyelids can significantly affect the light-reflectance patterns of the face, and this can often make the eyes appear somewhat darker by creating some undesirable shadows in the surrounding areas.
Brightness in the area around the eyes conveys a youthful, energetic, well-rested, and healthy appearance. Conversely, areas of darkness, hollowing, or shadowing in the area around the eyes might falsely make you appear to be tired, weathered, or older than your actual age. A loss of volume in the lower eyelid skin can be due to a combination of factors including: genetics, facial shape, weight, diet, alcohol intake, hormone changes, medical conditions, medications, allergies, environmental stresses such as sun exposure, and smoking, and sleep patterns. Over time, these changes will shift the primary focal point of the face away from the eyes (the most desirable location), and usually to a lower position, causing people to start to notice more heaviness in areas of the lower face, such as around the mouth, in the nasolabial folds, and near the jawline.
What Should I Expect from Tear Trough Filler Rejuvenation?
Dr. Lewen typically performs tear trough filler rejuvenation as an in-office procedure with most patients experiencing minimal or no discomfort. Some degree of bruising and swelling can be expected after the procedure, but this will vary based on each individual patient.
Tear trough filler rejuvenation is a procedure that is frequently performed in combination with other, minimally-invasive cosmetic procedures, such as liquid cheek augmentation, temple filler rejuvenation, and CO2 laser skin resurfacing. This procedure may also sometimes be combined with other cosmetic surgical procedures as well. The relationship between the lower eyelids and the midface, along with the smoothness of transition between these two areas of the face, is integral for the best possible cosmetic rejuvenation with natural-looking results. For this reason, the ideal rejuvenation of the lower eyelids for many patients may necessitate some degree of volume replacement in the lower eyelids, as well as in the midface with facial filler injections, such as liquid cheek augmentation, to create a smoother transition between the lower eyelids and the midface tissues.
Dr. Lewen’s meticulous technique for tear trough filler rejuvenation not only addresses the cosmetic portion of the lower eyelid area but also serves to improve lower lid support. In many cases, proper volume replacement in the lower eyelids can reduce the amount of lower eyelid skin that may initially appear to be in excess as this area becomes “re-inflated.”